The politics refers to the verbal fight among political parties for issues concerning people. This is seen as a normal democratic process. Strikes, protests and demonstrations are all methods of showing political disagreement and dissents. However, violence in any form is not acceptable in a democracy as it may create law and order crisis in the country. So, most political parties condemn violence in any form while showing their disagreement or dissent. It is worthwhile to mention here that today, most Countries have adopted democracy as their way of functioning in order to accommodate common peoples’ voices and that of opponents as well.
Democracy is now considered as an ideal form of governance. It strengthens the voice of the people and breaks the monopoly of leadership of a particular person or political party that is common in monarchy and dictatorship. Every 4-5 years, the people get the opportunity to caste their votes and elect their representatives. Once a political party gets the majority of votes, it forms the government direct the public policies necessary for the development of the country. An elected government is committed towards the betterment of people and fulfillment of country’s socio-economic needs and aspiration.
In a democracy, every political party has to take a stand on all major issues that is happening all around. A few years back, world’s oldest democracy the USA faced worst ever sandy storm in the form of natural disaster that killed many lives and led to huge damages of property as well. Both Mitt Romney and Barack Obama were contesting the US presidential elections at that time. But, they didn’t get involved in any slanging-match and worked hand in hand to save the people.
The then US president Barrack Obama took the issue very seriously and managed the sandy storm crisis in a very astute manner. In the days that followed he emerged as the US president for the second term. The remarkable feature of this crisis was the manner in which both the Democrats and the Republicans worked coherently . They left no stone unturned to save the nation from its worst ever natural crisis. The politics of disagreement was not visible at that time due to national interest.
Similarly, in 2013, India’s Uttarakhand tragedy unfolded and people viewed the best example of democracy. As all political parties of India got united and worked at tandem to secure the people whose lives were at stake. Both the UPA government at that time and BJP – the then opposition party, joined hands together for the welfare of people and trapped residents there.
Dissent and disagreement in any democracy is a welcome feature as it reconciles with the various issues for the welfare of the nation as a whole. It presents a perfect platform to express one’s opinion without fearing about anything else. Historically speaking, the root cause for the infamous jasmine revolution or the Syria crisis was the people’s declining faith in their rulers. Had these countries been democratic, such crises could have been easily averted. Although, Egypt got its new constitution after long protests of Egyptians on streets, yet the leaders there had completely failed in winning the confidence and hope of the people.
India being the world’s largest democracy with more than 1.3 billion people, had kept its principles intact. Be it national media or social media, the government gives full freedom of expression to its people as guaranteed by the constitution of the country. In other words, India has been successful in restoring the faith of the people in its democracy.
India had been successful in running many coalition governments at both national and regional level too since its independence in 1947. Some call it a ‘marriage of convenience’ but fractured mandate of the people has to be respected too.The cost of elections is ultimately borne by the people, so sometimes political parties do unite and form a coalition government in order to avoid reelection and save the people from bearing the unnecessary cost that elections may bring in. Similar formula works in England too when a party doesn’t get majority. Hence, the Politics of coalition government can also be neither viewed against the principles of democracy.
This substantiates the fact that politics of dissents can never be fully removed from any democracy. Democracy, dissents and disagreement run hand in hand for the welfare of the nation and its people. Dissent, Debates and Disagreements are the three pillars of Democracy on which its very foundation is laid.